how does gm differ from conventional plant breeding

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  • What is a special feature of GM breeding?

  • A special feature of GM breeding is that it allows the transfer into crop plants of one or a few genes from what might be radically different organisms. Conventional breeding cannot, for example, form plants that can assemble complex human immunoglobulins as has been achieved in GM plants.

  • What is the difference between conventional breeding and genetic modification?

  • A handy table comparing forms of genetic modification. A special feature of GM breeding is that it allows the transfer into crop plants of one or a few genes from what might be radically different organisms. Conventional breeding cannot, for example, form plants that can assemble complex human immunoglobulins as has been achieved in GM plants.

  • When might a plant breeder choose a GM approach vs conventional approach?

  • New characteristics can be introduced into crops using either conventional or GM approaches. This raises the question of when a plant breeder might choose a GM approach vs a conventional approach. GM can only be used to introduce a new characteristic into a crop if two requirements are met.

  • How is genetic engineering similar to natural breeding?

  • In most ways, breeding using genetic engineering is fundamentally similar to those used for thousands of years by nature and humans. In selective breeding, the plants鈥?natural ways of reproduction are turned to human ends. Before we knew what DNA was, humans were moving the genes we found useful into our best crops.

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